Research questions are clear statements of what you want to know. The questions should be concise and unambiguous.
The research questions guide the research methods that will be applied to help solve the problem (i.e., answer the questions). It guides the study design, methods, how data is gathered, and what analyses will be conducted.
Types of Research Questions: Why? When? Who? How? Where?
Why: seeks causal explanations. The answer will begin with "because"
Who: addresses agency. They seek to identify the persons, institutions, or collective bodies responsible for the things you are researching.
How: indicates mechanisms. The answers describe ways in which things are done, which together result in a given outcome. These questions might cover:
Where: sets your research in context. It is important to understand the social world in terms of contextual spaces and circumstances. Both where and when questions should generate answers which help you define the extent to which you can generalize the results of your research.
Byrne, D. (2017). Types of research questions: why? when? who? how? where?. Project Planner. 10.4135/9781526408525.
Above is a link to a quick encyclopedic definition of what a research question is.
Above is a link that provides more in-depth guidance on developing your research question(s).
Above is a link that provides access to a book that discusses developing good research questions.
Once you have identified your overarching research problem, you need to develop some specific research questions that can be answered (via research). Below are some tips to help ensure you have formulated a valid question(s). Ask yourself:
1. Do I know enough about this company or topic to develop interesting questions that relate to current issues or debates?
2. What research method(s) will I need to use to answer my questions?
3. Do I have the knowledge and competence required to use the particular research method(s) I need?
4. Do I have the resources I need?
5. Do I have access to the research materials I need? (analyst reports, scholarly articles, etc.)
6. Do I have enough time to complete the research, analyze results, and write up my findings?
Poor Example: Welfare on children's attitudes.
Good Example: What effect does welfare assistance to parents have on the attitudes of their children toward work?
Poor Example: Retirement plans of adults.
Good Example: How do retirement plans for adults compare with the actual realization, in retirement, of those plans in terms of self-satisfaction and self-adjustment?