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Citation Styles and Plagiarism: Chicago

Get basic information on the major citation styles, plagiarism guidelines, and info on some of our citation softwares

Chicago Style

These disciplines often use Chicago citation and formatting style:

  • Art History
  • History

These disciplines can use Chicago citation and formatting style: (Please check with you supervising professor for which citation style to use)

  • Theatre
  • Religion
  • Philosophy
  • Music
  • Anthropology

Basic Chicago Style Citation Formats

The following guidelines are recommended in accordance with the Chicago Manual of Style. Please ask your supervising professor whether you should use footnotes or endnotes. Each citation in your bibliography should be single spaced and use a hanging indent, but double-spaced between citations. For information on citing a source not listed here, please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style. 



1. James Baldwin and Nat Hentoff, Black Anti-Semitism and Jewish Racism, (New York: R. W. Baron, 1969), 49.


Baldwin, James and Nat Hentoff. Black Anti-Semitism and Jewish Racism. New York: R. W. Baron, 1969.

Articles from databases


1. Mart van Duijn, "Printing, Public, and Power: Shaping the First Printed Bible in Dutch (1477)," Church History & Religious Culture 93, no. 2 (June 2013): 278, Historical Abstracts with Full Text.


van Duijn, Mart. "Printing, Public, and Power: Shaping the First Printed Bible in Dutch (1477)." Church History & Religious Culture 93, no. 2 (June 2013): 275-299. Historical Abstracts with Full Text (accessed March 17, 2016).

Articles in print journals


1. Andrew Pettegree, "North and South: Cultural Transmission in the Sixteenth-Century European Book World," Bulletin Of Spanish Studies 89, no. 4 (June 2012): 507-520.


Pettegree, Andrew. "North and South: Cultural Transmission in the Sixteenth-Century European Book World." Bulletin Of Spanish Studies 89, no. 4 (June 2012): 507-520.

Documents or sections in websites


1. Michael Evans, "The History of Print Advertising," eHow, last modified March 17, 2015, /info_7746188_history-print-advertising.html


Evans, Michael. "The History of Print Advertising." eHow. Last modified March 17, 2015.

General Guidelines (Remember, always speak with your supervising professor about which format style you should use.):

  • Margins should be set at no less than 1” and no greater than 1.5”. 
  • Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman. 
  • Font size should be no less than 10 pt. (preferably, 12 pt.). 
  • Text should be consistently double-spaced, with the following exceptions: 
    • Block quotations, table titles, and figure captions should be single-spaced. 
      • A prose quotation of five or more lines should be blocked. 
      • A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks.  
      • An extra line space should immediately precede and follow a blocked quotation. 
      • Blocked quotations should be indented .5” as a whole. 
  • Notes and bibliographies should be singled-spaced internally; however, leave an extra line space between note and bibliographic entries. 
  • Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. 
  • Subheadings should be used for longer papers. 
  • Put an extra line space before and after subheadings, and avoid ending them with periods. 

See a sample paper formatted in Chicago Style.

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