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Anthropology: Cite Sources

A guide for students studying Anthropology.

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APA Style

Basic APA Citation Formats

The following guidelines are recommended in accordance with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. Please check with your supervising professor to see whether strict APA formatting should be observed for your project. All references on the references page should be double-spaced and use a hanging indent. 

Note: If you are direct quoting a specific part of a source, include a page number, table, paragraph, section, time stamp, etc. in your in-text citation. If you are citing ideas from a whole work, no section identifier is needed. Please consult the APA Manual 7th edition to see how to include these section identifiers.

Books with a single author

Reference Page:

Oliver, P. (2014). Writing your thesis (3rd ed.). Sage.

In-text Citation:

(Oliver, 2014).

Narrative In-text Citation:

According to Oliver (2014)...

Oliver (2014) states...

Books With More Than Two Authors

Reference Page:

Werner-Burke, N., Knaus, K., & Helt DeCamp, A. (2014). Rebuilding research writing: Strategies for sparking informational inquiry. Routledge.

In-text Citation:

(Werner-Burke et al., 2014).

Narrative In-text Citation:

Werner-Burke et al. (2014) argue... 

Articles in online scholarly journals (plus example of how to cite two authors)

Reference Page:

Martinez, C. T., Kock, N., & Cass, J. (2011). Pain and pleasure in short essay writing: Factors predicting university students' writing anxiety and writing self-efficacy. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54, 351-360.

In-text Citation:

(Martinez, Kock & Cass, 2011).

Narrative In-text Citation:

Martinez, Kock, and Cass (2011) recommend...

Documents in a Website

Reference Page:

Clay, R.A. (2007). Writing well.

With Organization as Author:

American Library Association. (2015, February 9). Framework for information literacy for higher education.

In-text Citations:

(Clay, 2007).

(American Library Association, 2015).

Narrative In-text Citations:

According to Clay, (2007)... 

The American Library Association (2015) claims...


The following guidelines are recommended in accordance with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Please check with your supervising professor to see whether strict APA formatting should be observed for your project. 

  • Double-space the text of your paper.
  • Use 12 point Times New Roman font.
  • Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks.
  • Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides.
  • Indent the first line of paragraphs.
  • Number all pages, including the title page and abstract, with arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) on the top right hand corner about an inch from the top of the page.
  • On the upper left corner of all pages on the same line as the page number, include a running head. The running head is an abbreviated form of your full paper title, should be formatted in all caps, and contain no more than 50 characters. On the title page only, include the words: "Running head:" and then your running head title in all caps.
  • Use section headings to designate the different sections of your paper. Center, bold, and capitalize all words in your section headings.

Formatting the Title Page of Your Paper

  • In the top left corner, about an inch from the top, include the words "Running head:" and then your running head title in all caps.
  • In the top right corner on the same line as your running head, insert a page number.
  • About halfway down the page and centered, include the full title of your paper. Capitalize all words four letters or longer in your title.
  • Underneath the title, include your name.
  • Underneath your name, include Texas Christian University.
  • Near the bottom of the page, you may optionally include an author's note. Please check with your supervising professor about whether you should include the author note or not.

Formatting Your Abstract

  • APA requires an abstract for your paper. Include it as a separate page after the title page.
  • Your abstract should include your running head and a page number.
  • Center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page.
  • In general, abstracts are not usually more than one paragraph, and should summarize the content of your paper.
  • Your abstract should NOT be indented.
  • You may optionally include keywords, which, if your paper was being published in a journal, would help your readers find this article in a database. If you choose to include keywords, write the word, "Keywords:" centered, capitalized, and italicized underneath your summary. Include up to five keywords or phrases that describe what your paper is about in normal 12 point non-italicized font, and separate each word or phrase with a comma.

Formatting Your References Page

  • Include the running head and page numbers.
  • Center the word "References" at the top of the references page.
  • Alphabetize all references by authors' last names.
  • Use a hanging indent.
  • Double-space the entire page

APA Sample Papers With Formatting Notes